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Instructional Levels


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Target Skills

Target Skills spiral over the years around categories of organizational, composing, and conventions Target Skills. Many will repeat.

In some years, those Target Skills will be taught for Awareness, Instructional, or Mastery (A, I, M). The CraftPlus curriculum helps organize the learning expectations of the various Target Skills with various planning, instructional, and assessment tools.

Instructional Level


A – Awareness

Students know what the Target Skill is and can identify examples in literature models.  They may use it orally, with support during shared or interactive writing experiences, or through revision via teacher conference.

I – Instructional

Students practice using the Target Skill orally and in writing.  They tend to over generalize using the Target Skill all the time instead of just where it is most effective. 

M – Mastery

Students consistently use the Target Skill in their writing independently.  They move away from over generalizing the Target Skill to judiciously apply the Target Skill when it is effective in the piece they are writing.